Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Georg Arlt
International Tourism Management

 

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ITM Bachelor 1. Sem
8029: Introduction International Tourism Management
           

 

 

 

 INTRODUCTION: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM

 

 Global development of tourism
 pre-modern, modern, post-modern:
 Discovery - Acquisition - Invention

 

 

 

Modern travels - Acquisition

 

 

            1995: 534 million arrivals     2012: more than 1 billion arrivals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Physical acquisition: Infrastructure, security, opening up, archaeology,
 cathedrals to sights

 Technical acquisition: Transport and information technology

 Mental acquisition: Division of working time/space and leisure time/space,
 ideas of "recreation" and "self-actualization"

 

 

 

http://www.brightonpier.co.uk/indexflash.htm

 

 

      

 

 

Modern travels:

Middle classes (19th c.) and working classes (20th c.)
   in Europe and North America join rich travellers

Increasing impact on destinations and infrastructure

Medium-time travels (weeks or months)

Acquisition of places

Split between travelling/holidays and living/working

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Contact: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Georg Arlt, arlt@fh-westkueste.de, Tel. 0481 8555-513

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